Competitive products are those products, including Priority Mail, Priority Mail Express, and First-Class Package Service, which are not regulated by a price cap, unlike Market Dominant products. Instead, the Postal Service is given the flexibility to price these products competitively, as long as they are not subsidized by Market Dominant products, cover costs attributable to them, and contribute an appropriate share to institutional costs. In general terms, institutional costs are those costs not caused by any particular product (e.g., the Postmaster General’s salary).
The appropriate share provision is key to preserving competition and ensures that the Postal Service is balancing the concerns of all groups—customers, competitors, Market Dominant mailers, shippers, and the general public—in fairly setting its Competitive product prices.
The Commission’s Rulemaking proposes to modify the appropriate share based on market conditions and its analysis of all relevant conditions under the law. The proposed modification uses a formula-based approach to calculate the minimum share of the Postal Service’s institutional costs that Competitive products, as a whole, are required to contribute to institutional costs annually.
The proposed formula consists of two major components that 1) capture the overall size of the competitive market in which the Postal Service operates (Competitive Market Output) and 2) measure the Postal Service’s market power in that competitive market (Postal Service Lerner Index). The formula would be used annually to generate the requirement for the following year.
The Commission found that the formula-based approach adapts to changes in market conditions, mitigates risks associated with changes in the market, and is responsive to the provisions of the law that require including the prevailing competitive conditions in the market and other relevant circumstances.
Consequently, the Commission proposes that modifying the appropriate share to capture market conditions on an annual basis is the best approach at this time, and proposes revisions to the existing rule.
Parties interested in submitting comments on the Commission’s Rulemaking may do so no later than 60 days from the date of publication of the Commission’s notice in the Federal Register.
The Rulemaking in its entirety is located on the Commission’s website, www.prc.govunder Docket No. RM2017-1.